What are field dependency?

What are Field Dependencies in Salesforce in 2023? | All You Need to Know

Salesforce is a powerful CRM platform that allows businesses to customize and tailor the software to their specific needs. One of the ways this is achieved is through the use of custom fields and objects, which allow businesses to capture and manage unique data points. However, with customization comes complexity, and businesses need to understand how to manage field dependencies effectively to ensure their Salesforce instance remains accurate and up to date. 

What are Field Dependencies?

Field dependencies are relationships between fields that control the availability of values in one field based on the value selected in another field. This is a powerful feature that ensures data is captured accurately and consistently, reducing the likelihood of errors and incorrect data entry. For example, if you have a field for "Country" and a dependent field for "State", you can create a field dependency that limits the available state options based on the country selected. This ensures that users can only select valid state options based on the country they have entered.

How to Create a Field Dependency?

To create a field dependency in Salesforce, you need to select two fields, a controlling field, and a dependent field. The controlling field determines which values are available in the dependent field. For example, if you have a picklist field for "Product Type" and a dependent picklist field for "Product Name", you can create a field dependency that restricts the available product names based on the product type selected. 

Field dependencies can be created using a variety of criteria, including picklist values, record types, and the value of another field. This allows businesses to create complex dependencies that control the behavior of their Salesforce instance in a granular way. 

dont miss out iconDon't forget to check out: Learn All About Objects and Fields in Salesforce | Salesforce Developer Guide

Managing field dependencies can be challenging, particularly for larger organizations with complex data structures. Salesforce provides several tools to help manage dependencies effectively. For example, the Schema Builder is a powerful tool that allows businesses to visualize the relationships between fields, objects, and dependencies. This makes it easier to identify and manage complex dependencies. 

Another tool that can help manage field dependencies is the Dependency API. This API allows businesses to programmatically manage field dependencies, providing a powerful tool for automating and streamlining the management of dependencies. 

Businesses need to understand the impact that field dependencies can have on their Salesforce instance. For example, creating too many dependencies can make the software more complex, making it harder to manage and use. Additionally, creating dependencies between fields that are not closely related can also have a negative impact, reducing the flexibility and usability of the Salesforce instance. 

To manage field dependencies effectively, businesses should consider the following best practices: 

  1. Keep dependencies simple: Only create dependencies where they are necessary and avoid creating overly complex dependencies that can make the software harder to manage. 
  2. Test dependencies thoroughly: Before deploying field dependencies, test them thoroughly to ensure they work as expected and do not cause any unintended consequences. 
  3. Document dependencies: Document all field dependencies to ensure they are understood and managed effectively. 
  4. Use automation tools: Consider using automation tools like the Dependency API to help manage dependencies programmatically, reducing the workload on Salesforce administrators. 

dont miss out iconCheck out another amazing blog by Mohit here: What is the Salesforce Experience Cloud? | The Ultimate Guide


Field dependencies are a powerful tool that can help businesses ensure data accuracy and consistency in their Salesforce instance. By taking the time to understand how dependencies work and how to manage them effectively, businesses can unlock the full potential of Salesforce and improve their overall productivity and efficiency. Additionally, by following best practices for managing dependencies, businesses can avoid creating unnecessary complexity and ensure that their Salesforce instance remains flexible and usable. 


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