Automation Studio -
Automation Studio makes Marketing Cloud email sends, queries, imports, and more happen automatically.
Automation Studio is a Salesforce Marketing Cloud application used to execute multi-step marketing and data management activities on an immediate, triggered, or scheduled basis. Use Automation Studio's workflow canvastobuild simple or multi-step automations.
Data Extract - Create a file to use outside of the application with Automation Studio’s Data Extract activity. This activity can also be used to transform an XML file to a comma-delimited, tab-delimited, or pipe-delimited file for import into your account.
Filter - you can use filter in Automation studio by using it filtering out any Data extension record or filtering subscribers.
Import File - you can import the salesforce Data and schdule it daily basis ,date wise According to our requirements.
SQL Query - you can fetch the record from data extension by using SQL query and run it manually or can be scheduled also .
Wait Activity - In this studio Wait Activity is also used for Wait for a Period of Time, Wait Until a Specific Date, Wait for a Date Based on an Attribute Value.
Send Email - You can send email by using Automation Studio .
Transfer File- Use this activity to upload a file to or download a file from a transfer location that you specify.